Rutile is a major titanium ore that is used in the manufacturing of a variety of products, including titanium dioxide pigments, titanium metal, and high-tech alloys. Its light weight, high strength, and resistance to corrosion make it an ideal material for these applications. Despite its reddish color, rutile appears black to the naked eye.
More than 90% of rutile is used as a feedstock for the production of white pigments, with the remainder used for the production of titanium sponge and titanium metal. In India, rutile sand is mainly used in the welding electrode industry. Rutile ore is abundant in countries such as Australia, India, South Africa, Ukraine, and Sierra Leone, with smaller deposits found in Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Madagascar, Brazil, and Mozambique.